Evidence Base in Design

Evidence Base in Design

One of the recently proposed health policies sponsored a house of representative member  Herrera Beutler, Jaime is centered on recognizing women’s cardiovascular health as a critical health care priority that affects every state and contributes to increased health care cost and promoting the necessity of increased awareness of and education on the symptoms for heart disease among women, gender-specific cardiovascular disease research, and policy action to alleviate the risks of heart disease among women (H.RES.88). The bill was proposed due to the health and economic implications of heart diseases in the women population. Cardiovascular diseases have been recorded to account for 400,000 deaths annually, an average of 1080 deaths per day in women in the United States. Heart disease is the number one killer in women, such that one in five women die from heart disease or stroke. This proposed policy has become necessary because of the rising rate of cardiovascular-related mortality in the United States among the women population compared to the men’s population (Congress.gov).

One of the contributing factors to the death of women from cardiovascular disease was unrecognized symptoms, delayed treatments, and poor management of cardiovascular conditions in the women population. The above problems have resulted in increased cost of health care funding to the U.S government such that if the issue is not resolved, it could cost the government an estimated sum of one trillion dollars by the year 2035. The evidence to support this proposed health bill can be seen on the Center for disease control and prevention [CDC] website. CDC described the cardiovascular disease as the number one killer in women, recorded to killed 299,578 women in 2017 or the cause of death in about one in five female population in the United States. About one in 16 women aged 20 and older are diagnosed with coronary heart disease, representing 6.2% of the population (CDC, n.d.). Other studies on cardiovascular disease in women revealed that 398,086 females died in 2013. According to the recent data collected by the same research, this rate has not declined for women younger than 55 years. Another problem identified as leading to increased mortality of women due to cardiovascular disease is poor understanding of the mechanism contributing to worsening risk factors related to cardiovascular disease in young women and differences in signs and symptoms of acute coronary diseases in young women. The above makes it difficult for heart diseases to be promptly diagnosed, leading to increased morbidity and mortality rate in this population (Garcia et al., 2016).


Center for Disease Control and Prevention. (n.d.). Women and Hearth Disease. https://www.cdc.gov/heartdisease/women.htm

Congress.gov. (n.d.). Retrieved September 20, 2018, from https://www.congress.gov/

Garcia, M., Mulvagh, S. L., Merz, C. N., Buring, J. E., & Manson, J. E. (2016). Cardiovascular Disease in Women: Clinical Perspectives. Circulation research, 118(8), 1273–1293. https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCRESAHA.116.307547

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